These maps show laws and policies for private insurance, Medicaid, and state employee benefits that explicitly include or exclude the health of transgender people. Before European settlement and colonization in the 18th century, numerous Native American groups lived in the region. Among these, many recognize a third gender role in their societies (nowadays also called two-spirit). People with a male body who behave and act like women and perform typically feminine tasks are known as yaawa among the Atsugewi, kwit or cuit among the Luiseño, Tüdayapi among the Paiute of the North, clele among the Wailaki, 'aqi among the Chumash, wergern among the Yurok and í-wa-musp among the Yuki.
Female-to-male individuals are known as Brumaiwi among the Astugewi and Musp-íwap Náip among the Yuki. Similarly, among the Nomlaki and Klamath and Modoc peoples, respectively, Walusa and T'winiş individuals form a third gender together with men and women. In the language of the Kings River Yokuts, it is tonoo'tcim, while it is tonocim in the Palewyami language. There were no known legal or social punishments for engaging in homosexual activities in these societies.
California's Sterilization LawIn 1909, California passed a law that provided for the possible sterilization of moral or sexual perverts. By 1948, 19,042 people had been sterilized under the law. In 1950, the state attorney general issued the opinion that sterilizing inmates for reasons other than therapeutic reasons was likely to be unconstitutional. At the time, California had the most cases of sterilization of all states, with more cases than all states combined.
Sodomy Law RepealIn 1951, the law was amended to eliminate perversion as a reason for sterilization. Starting in the mid-20th century, the debate surrounding the sodomy law became increasingly widespread. In 1975, a bill was introduced to repeal the state law on sodomy. In 1972 and 1974, California voters chose to amend the Bill of Rights of the State Constitution to include inalienable rights such as life and liberty, the acquisition, possession and protection of property, and the pursuit and attainment of security, happiness and privacy.
In May 1975, an adult law for residents over 18 years of age was passed, restricting existing laws on sodomy or oral copulation for same-sex or opposite-sex couples to only genuinely criminal cases, and took effect the following year. In 1985, the city of Berkeley became the first state government entity to legally recognize same-sex couples by enacting its domestic partnership policy for city and school district employees. The term domestic partnership was coined by city employee and gay rights activist Tom Brougham, and all other domestic partnership policies enacted in the state in subsequent years are modeled after Berkeley politics. During its passage, some concern was expressed that, by repealing the prohibition of same-sex marriage, SB 1306 violated the separation of powers, as the State Assembly would repeal an initiative approved by voters.
California's LGBT Rights LawsHowever, the consensus of the Assembly Judiciary Committee was that voters cannot pass an unconstitutional and subsequently banned law, any more than the Assembly can. In light of In Re Marriage Cases and Hollingsworth v. Perry, who collectively prohibited the application of any law that prohibited same-sex marriage, the Assembly Judiciary Committee determined that the Assembly has the capacity to repeal prohibited laws. Marriage is a personal relationship that arises from a civil contract between two people, for which the consent of both parties capable of entering into that contract is necessary.
California law clarifies protections against hate crimes based on sexual orientation and gender identity or expression, among other categories. State law provides for improvements in penalties for a crime motivated by a victim's perceived or actual sexual orientation or gender identity. Support for LGBT rights and same-sex marriage has evolved significantly over recent decades. Over time several LGBT-specific voting initiatives have taken place in California.
The first was Proposition 6 - also known as The Briggs Initiative - which would have banned gays and lesbians from working in public schools. The initiative failed despite initial polls showing broad support. In 2000s two same-sex marriage initiatives were voted on: Proposition 22 and Proposition 8 both of which were successful. Los Angeles County and State of California have equity policies regarding gender identity and expression as well as sexual orientation.
LGBTQ+ ResourcesLACDMH is committed to promoting well-being and resilience of LGBTQ+ individuals and communities in Los Angeles County who represent a wide range of sexual orientations identities expressions and orientations. While belonging to this community can be a source of pride it can also present unique challenges such as being target of acts homophobia transphobia or biphobia; trauma from coming out or self expression in environments that don't support you; or lack of culturally competent mental health services. Learning Center published this collection of LGBTQ+ resources including videos courses virtual trainings printable tools aimed at providing support to Los Angeles school communities. We also encourage you to explore LGBTQ+ programs resources below to optimize your well-being participate in our stakeholder engagement process through our underserved LGBTQIA2-S cultural community.
LGBTQ Resources for Addiction Mental Health & RehabilitationImportant LGBTQ Resources on Addiction & Mental Health are available too. In current state legislative session Commissioner Lara is sponsoring Senate Bill 280 drafted by Senator Monique Limón to extend protections against discrimination & require health insurance policies in large group market cover medically necessary basic health services such as services necessary for reconstructive surgery in care transgender people in all segments health insurance market. The law protects organ donation & transplantation among HIV positive people in state California. In 1992 after revolt over veto Act AB101 Governor Pete Wilson vetoed law that would have guaranteed protection against discrimination on basis sexual orientation by private employers Governor Wilson reversed course & signed law that reformed existing anti discrimination laws California to include sexual orientation employment.
The law requires that employers provide equal employment opportunities regardless of sexual orientation or gender identity; prohibits employers from discriminating against employees based on their sexual orientation; requires employers to provide reasonable accommodations for employees with disabilities; prohibits employers from retaliating against employees who report discrimination; requires employers to provide reasonable accommodations for employees with disabilities; prohibits employers from retaliating against employees who report discrimination; requires employers to provide reasonable accommodations for employees with disabilities; prohibits employers from retaliating against employees who report discrimination; requires employers to provide reasonable accommodations for employees with disabilities; prohibits employers from retaliating against employees who report discrimination; requires employers to provide reasonable accommodations for employees with disabilities; prohibits employers from retaliating against employees who report discrimination; requires employers to provide reasonable accommodations for employees with disabilities; prohibits employers from retaliating against employees who report discrimination.